Most of the Festival events will take place within four
topic blocks or the Festival “paths”. The first three deal with the human
rights and freedoms issues that arise during the period of transition from
authoritarian regimes to democracy. Five additional documentaries will
be shown outside the blocks.
Films: A Cry From The Grave; The Punishment; Babitsky’s
War; Why Did They Kill Their Neighbors?; Good Kurds, Bad Kurds
Discussion: Combating the crimes of politicians
(Humanitarian intervention or international criminal courts?). Saturday,
15 December, 15:40 (following the screening of “Good Kurds,
Bad Kurds”), KINO LAB Theater
Host: Prof. Andrzej Rzepliński
Participants: Kevin McKiernan, director of the film Good
Kurds, Bad Kurds
Marek Antoni Nowicki, International Ombudsperson in Kosovo
Joanna Weschler, Human Rights Watch
Tatiana Kasatkina, International “Memorial” Association
Josef Pazderka, People in Need Foundation in Prague
Film: Long Night’s Journey into Day
Discussion: Bringing the past regimes to justice
(transitional justice), Saturday, 15 December, 19:05 (following the
screening of Long Night’s Journey into Day), KINO LAB Theater
Participants: Prof. Wiktor Osiatyński
Prof. Andrzej Paczkowski
Krzysztof Kozłowski, Tygodnik
Films: The Diplomat; Compassion In Exile: The Story of the 14th
Dalai Lama; The Making Of The Revolution
Discussion: No-violence road to democracy – techniques of action,
Sunday, 16 December, 13:52 (following the screening of The Making of the
Revolution), KINO LAB Theater
Host: Marek Nowicki, President of Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights
Participants: Ryszard Bilski, Rzeczpospolita
Dr Zuzana Fialová, Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights
Adam Kozieł, Helsinki Foundation
for Human Rights
Films: School Prayer. A Community At War; The Front;
Urban: Yes Or No
Discussion: Freedom of speech, conscience and religion
– where are the limits? Sunday, 16 December, 19:42 (following the screening
of Urban: Yes Or No), KINO LAB Theater
Host: Marek Nowicki, President of Helsinki Foundation
for Human Rights
Participants: Prof. Ewa Łętowska
Aleksander Chećko, Polityka
Agnieszka Rybczyńska, Ph.D.,
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
A Cry From The Grave
Directed by Leslie Woodhead
United Kingdom 1999
Screenings – Saturday, 15 December 2001, 10:00, KINO LAB
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 16:00, LABORATORIUM Theater
The film tells about Europe’s largest ethnic purge since
World War II, that is the 1995 events in Srebrenica. Shown in chronological
order, the events are summarized in a detailed account. Witness statements
and a pronouncement of The Hague Tribunal prosecutor have been recorded.
The film also includes unique footage shot by the Bosnia Serbs army and
by soldiers of the UN forces. The documentary provides the opportunity
to discuss responsibility of the UNPROFOR commanders, who failed to protect
the Muslim population from mass slaughter within the UN Safe Area.
The film is convincing to the extent that its fragments
were screened during the trial of General Radoslav Krstic before the Hague
Directed by Goran Rebic
Screening – Sunday, 16 December 2001, 18:00, LABORATORIUM
A documentary on the NATO air raids in Belgrade. The cameras
went to work immediately after the first raids in March 1999. Voicing their
opinions in the film are the people of Belgrade representing a whole range
of social groups from intellectuals and students to soldiers and taxi drivers.
The documentary analyzes their attitudes towards the West and democracy,
and also towards the dictatorship under which they live. The recorded pronouncements
reveal an acute value crisis, lack of conceptions for the future, fear,
sense of harm, and disagreement to collective responsibility.
The controversial documentary is still another voice in
the discussion about the sense of humanitarian armed intervention.
Directed by Paul Yule
United Kingdom 2000
Screening: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 12:00, KINO LAB
The film shows the story of Andrei Babitsky, the Russian
journalist missing from Chechnya in December 2000. He had been reporting
on the war in Chechnya for Radio Liberty, from the city of Grozny under
siege among other localities, informing about the raids of civilian objects
and violations of human rights. The film uses original footage shot by
Babitsky and his friends.
Participants of the panel discussion will include Festival
guests from the Moscow “Memorial” and the Czech People in Need Foundation,
which provides humanitarian relief to Chechnya.
Why Did They Kill Their Neighbors?
Directed by Kumiko Igarashi
Screenings: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 13:20, KINO LAB
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 20:00, LABORATORIUM Theater
The film shows the role of a popular radio channel in
the 1994 civil war in Rwanda: manipulation of information and instigation
to massacre. Brought to the foreground has been the story of one of many
inter-tribal families. The central character is a young man forced by his
neighbors to murder his sister’s children. Of the 130 thousand Hutu people
who had been charged with war crimes, he was among the few who admitted
their participation in the mass slaughter. Three years later, he was released
and returned to his home village.
The film, which makes a mention of a court established
ad hoc in Arusha (Tanzania) to prosecute crimes committed during
the Rwanda conflict, may provide the opportunity for discussion on a permanent
International Criminal Court.
Good Kurds, Bad Kurds
Directed by Kevin McKiernan
Screenings: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 14:20, KINO LAB
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 14:15, LABORATORIUM Theater
The film provides a discerning analysis of the American
policy on the ethnic purge campaign against the Kurd minority in south-eastern
Turkey. It also accuses the media: their keeping silent helped to preserve
the policy of violence in the region. The shooting for the film took nine
years; it was shot in Turkey and in Washington, DC, where a Kurd activist
solicited for American media interest in the situation. Among the cameramen
involved in the project, there was the three times’ winner of the Academy
Award Haskel Wexler.
Long Night’s Journey into Day
Directed by Deborah Hoffmann and Frances Reid
Screenings: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 17:30, KINO LAB
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 12:15, LABORATORIUM Theater
The film tells about the Truth and Reconciliation Commission
– the South-African attempt at coping with the problem of so-called transitional
justice, that is responsibility for authoritarian regimes. The issue
of this kind of responsibility arises in each and every instance of transition
to democracy. The documentary summarized four different cases of racial
killing examined by the Commission. Testifying are the victims’ families,
experts, and witnesses. Among those shown in the film there is Chairman
of the Commission Desmont Tutu.
This is the opportunity for the Festival audience to compare
one of the world’s most interesting political experiments of the 1990s
– the Truth and Reconciliation Commission – with Central-European experiences
Directed by Tom Zubrycki
Screenings: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 13:00, LABORATORIUM
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 10:00, KINO LAB Theater
The hero is José Ramos Horta, the Nobel Prize peace award
winner, who had for 24 years struggled for independence of East Timor.
The documentary shows first and foremost Horta’s diplomatic efforts – his
meetings with politicians and UN officials. The shooting took over 20 months;
it started with before the fall of President Suharto and went on even during
the dramatic events following the referendum that gave freedom to Timor.
Accompanying Horta with a camera over those months, the director Tom Zubrycki
provided an account of effective political lobbying.
Compassion in Exile: The Story of the 14th
Directed by Mickey Lemle
Screenings: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 15:00, LABORATORIUM
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 11:40, KINO LAB Theater
The film portrait of the 14th Dalai Lama, the
spiritual and political leader of Tibetans, also offers a specific insight
in the modern history and current situation of his country. Residing in
Dharamsala in India, faithful to the principles of Buddhism, the Dalai
Lama struggles for the rights and dignity of his countrymen never resorting
to violence. The Nobel Prize peace award winner and one of the world’s
most respected moral authorities is also a famous human rights defender.
The China policy in Tibet, characterized by common and
regular violations of fundamental human rights and by brutal devastation
of Tibetan culture, is called the “final solution” (Endlosung) by
The Making of the Revolution
Directed by Katarina Rejger and Eric van den Broek
Screenings: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 16:30, LABORATORIUM
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 13:00, KINO LAB Theater
The film tells about the student movement Otpor! [Resistance],
which led the peaceful revolution following the presidential elections
forged by Slobodan Milosevic. The documentary was shot with semi-professional
equipment, showing the organization’s activity in close-up. For example,
the film shows a training session preparing the students to withstand police
interrogation, as well as a radio discussion with the young oppositionists
telling the people that fear can be overcome, even after over a dozen years
School Prayer. A Community at War
Directed by Slawomir Grűnberg
Screenings: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 12:00, LABORATORIUM
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 16:00, KINO LAB Theater
In a provincial US town, the mother of six sues the local
school authorities, demanding that joint prayer and Bible lessons be removed
from public schools. She is assisted by a lawyer from one of America’s
biggest human rights and liberties organizations, the American Civil Liberties
Union. The entire local community unites against the woman, standing up
in defense of the long tradition of religion in schools. Both parties to
the conflict quote freedom of religion and one and the same United States
Directed by Martin Ritt
Screenings: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 21:00, LABORATORIUM
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 17:00, KINO LAB Theater
The only feature film shown at the Festival is a lighter
production, an exception in terms of its not too serious tone. The derisive
picture of the days of McCarthyism in America brings to the minds of the
Polish and East-European audience a specific fragment of United States
history, not too well-known locally and characterized by strict intervention
of censorship in the whole of cultural life. Woody Allen is Howard Prince,
a cashier whose old college friend is the script-book author Alfred Miller.
Miller’s name is on the black list. Therefore,
he asks Howard to sell scripts to TV studios under his own name in return
for a proportion of the profit.
Urban: Yes Or No
Directed by Ryszard Bugajski
Screening: Sunday, 16 December 2001, 19:00, KINA LAB Theater
Ryszard Bugajski’s report on the scandalizing weekly “Nie”
[No] published by Jerzy Urban strives to answer the question about the
limits of freedom of speech in democratic society.
Jerzy Urban, the Government Spokesman in the 1980s, was
seen in Poland as the symbol of the authorities’ information monopoly and
of the last stages of the communist propaganda. Thus protection of Urban’s
freedom to express opinions has a specific paradoxical after-taste; however,
it can also be seen as proof of a serious approach to fundamental individual
Directed by Robert Drew
Screenings: Friday, 14 December 2001, KINO LAB Theater
Sunday, 16 December 2001, 11:00, LABORATORIUM Theater
A classical documentary, shown at this year’s Cracow Film
Festival within their series "Top Ten Documentaries in Cinema History”.
It was produced by the authors of so-called "cinema verite", the
famous Drew Associates. The production took two years and involved simultaneous
work of five TV crews. The film got the Eurovision Grand Prix at the Cannes
festival in 1963.
Minute after minute, the film shows the struggle of lawyer
Louis Nizer for reprieve of Paul Crump who had been sentenced to death.
It was in fact a struggle for three fundamental rights: the right to life,
the right to a fair trial, and freedom from discrimination.
The Thin Blue Line
Directed by Errol Morris
Screening: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 21.00, KINO LAB
The documentary by Errol Morris contributed to acquittal
of its hero Randall Dale Adams, charged with the killing of a Dallas policeman.
Morris originally came to Texas to produce a film on a forensic psychiatry
expert notorious for his opinions to the defendants’ disadvantage, often
resulting in their death sentences. Doctor James Grigson (known as "Dr.
Death") also participated in the proceedings against Adams; this is how
the director learned about the case and became interested in it. The outcome
is a formally untypical and deeply moving
film about court injustice.
Directed by Rob Epstain and Jeffrey Friedman
Screening: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 17:45, LABORATORIUM
Paragraph 175 was a criminal law provision of the Third
Reich targeted against homosexuals. In the film, victims of persecution
under Paragraph 175 tell their prison and concentration camp stories. Homosexuals
have never been officially recognized as victims of Nazism; they were not
granted the right to damages; and they are also the least-known of the
groups against which the Nazi terror had been targeted.
The film deals with the issue of discrimination of minority
groups – one that can hardly be left out at the Festival.
Women in the Sun
Directed by Subhi Zobaidi
Screening: Saturday, 15 December 2001, 19:30, LABORATORIUM
The director Subhi Zobaidi lives and works in a refugee
camp in Ramallah. The film is a recording of accounts of Palestinian women
– the victims of violence and those who oppose violence against women.
The documentary summarizes e.g. the 1997 conference in Ghaza, where the
problem of so-called honor killings was openly formulated. The honor killings
are committed by relatives against women whose conduct brings disgrace
upon the family. Such acts are not prosecuted; generally, they are shown
as cases of suicide in police statistics. The film is an interesting account
of the fundamentalist reaction to the activity of a women’s movement struggling
for legal protection of women against violence and discrimination.
Profits of Punishment
Directed by Catherine Scott
Screening: Sunday, 16 December 2001, 21:00, LABORATORIUM
A film about private prisons in the United States. This
biggest and most profitable business in the USA is also growing fast in
Australia and South Africa. What is more, gaining influence are international
corporations that take control over the market of private prisons. Cases
of violation of the fundamental human rights are even more frequent in
such isolating institutions as compared to the state-controlled ones, and
the inmates are treated simply as cheap manpower.
Despite the overpopulation of American prisons, ever more
people are sentenced to prison terms there. The film analyzes the relationship
between this fact and the flourishing private prison industry.
This document has been produced with the financial assistance
of the European Community. The views expressed herein are those of the
Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights and can therefore in no way be taken
to reflect the official opinion of the European Commission.